Scientific name: Corylus avellana
The Hazel is an important component of the hedgerows that were the traditional field boundaries in lowland England. The wood was traditionally grown as coppice, the poles cut being used for wattle-and-daub building and agricultural fencing.
Hazel is cultivated for its nuts. This hazelnut or cob nut, the kernel of the seed, is edible and used raw or roasted, or ground into a paste.
The Hazel is typically a shrub reaching 3 to 8 m tall, but can reach 15 m. The leaves are deciduous, rounded, 6 to 12 cm long and across, softly hairy on both surfaces, and with a double-serrate margin. The flowers are produced very early in spring, before the leaves, and are monoecious with single-sex wind-pollinated catkins. Male catkins are pale yellow and 5 to 12 cm long, while female catkins are very small and largely concealed in the buds with only the bright red 1 to 3 mm long styles visible. The fruit is a nut, produced in clusters of one to five together, each nut held in a short leafy involucre ('husk') which encloses about three quarters of the nut. The nut is roughly spherical to oval, 15 to 20 mm long and 12 to 20 mm broad (larger, up to 25 mm long, in some cultivated selections), yellow-brown with a pale scar at the base. The nut falls out of the involucre when ripe, about 7 to 8 months after pollination.
Information and photograph courtesy of en.wikipedia.org