We are witnessing the largest extinction event on earth since the dinosaurs
Take Action for Insects and help tackle this crisis.
Insects are dying out up to 8 times faster than larger animals and 41% of insect species face extinction.
This is a grave cause for concern - it impacts us as well as all wildlife. Insects pollinate three quarters of our food crops, as well as being the main food source for many birds, small mammals and fish.
Loss of their habitat and overuse of pesticides are two of the major causes of this looming catastrophe. However, the good news is that it's not too late to act.
Insect populations can recover, and we know what needs to be done to save them.
Take Action for Insects and help tackle this crisis.
By working together we can change the future of insects, starting right now, you can help by taking our pledge to take two simple actions in your home or outside space that will make a difference.
Read the full report below.
Two actions that will make a real difference
1. STOP killing insects by reducing your use of harmful chemicals at home
2. START to create bug hubs in your garden
Please help by making a pledge to Take Action for Insects today. When you sign up we will provide you with two free Action Guides to help you go chemical free in your garden and to make your garden a haven for wildlife.
Make a difference today...
The new Environment Act calls for the creation of Nature Recovery Networks to be enshrined in law so that nature has more wild spaces that are bigger and better connected. By making 'bug hubs' in your garden to attract insects, your wild patch will become part of the bigger picture - a connected natural world where all wildlife can thrive. Watch our Wilder Future short film with Sir David Attenborough explaining the importance of Nature Recovery Networks.
Tell me more
The Wildlife Trust's position on pesticides and wildlife
Insects and other invertebrates such as spiders and worms represent the majority of all animal species. As such, they form the critical bedrock for the healthy functioning of all the complex ecosystems that together make up our natural world. Insects are food for a myriad of larger species including birds, bats, reptiles, amphibians and fish, and they perform vital roles such as pollination of crops and wildflowers, pest control and nutrient recycling.
The quiet demise of insect populations over recent decades has largely gone unnoticed. It is only now that the true extent of shifting baselines for invertebrate species has been acknowledged, and the effect of wide-scale habitat loss and use of damaging pesticides truly recognised.
Pesticides marketed as a quick-fix for a variety of industries and purposes are putting the nation on a route to certain long-term ecological disaster. A significant reduction in the use of pesticides, particularly insecticides, is the only possible option to reverse the decline and rebuild the very foundation upon which all life on earth depends. It is only by doing this that we can put in place a robust and future-proof ‘nature recovery network’ across the whole country that restores, connects and protects our wild spaces so our wildlife can move and their populations thrive long into the future.
It’s vital that our gardens, parks, urban areas and farmed countryside are managed in a more insect-friendly way. This includes a major reduction in the amount, type, and frequency of pesticides used to manage and look after these places. We are working with like-minded organisations to do this to identify new and realistic best practices, as we recognise that it will not be easy to make the transition from routine use, to routine avoidance of these harmful chemicals – whether at home in our gardens and allotments; in parks and other public green spaces including road verges; or on farms and woodland.
This is why, we urgently need the Government to establish stronger incentives for change and to set and enforce ambitious, national reduction targets for damaging pesticides. We need a systematic change in how we manage the wild places that our insects and invertebrates survival depends upon.
Don’t farmers need pesticides to grow enough food?
In many parts of Britain, traditional family farms have given way to large agri-businesses, typified by large fields, often managed by external contractors, maintained as near perfect monocultures by high inputs of pesticides and fertilizers.
The result is a landscape that produces more food, more cheaply, than it used to, but is largely inhospitable to wildlife and provides employment for very few people. The low price of food on the supermarket shelves that we have become used to does not reflect the true environmental costs of its production. It is also important to note that farmers only receive a fraction of the retail sale price of food, so the cost of improved on-farm practice would have a relatively small impact on shoppers.
Recent studies from France estimate that total pesticide use can be reduced by 42% without significant reductions to yield or profit
France is one of the biggest consumers of pesticides in Europe (per unit of agricultural area). In 2013, after controversy over levels of pesticide concentration in drinking water, the French government set a target of a 50% decrease in pesticide use, promoting the principles of agroecology and advocating integrated management of pests for a reduction of pesticide reliance.
Food security and economic impacts were a major consideration for policy advisors and researchers:
“We demonstrated that low pesticide use rarely decreases productivity and proﬁtability in arable farms. We analysed the potential conﬂicts between pesticide use and productivity or proﬁtability with data from 946 non-organic arable commercial farms showing contrasting levels of pesticide use and covering a wide range of production situations in France. We failed to detect any conﬂict between low pesticide use and both high productivity and high proﬁtability in 77% of the farms.” Lechenet et al. 2017
How do I stop my plants and vegetables being eaten if I don’t use pesticides in my garden?
Gardening without chemicals is a good way to ensure that the food and plants you grow are free of pesticides or chemicals, thriving without the extra expense of dangerous products that are harmful to our wildlife. If you’ve used chemicals in the past, this might sound like an invitation to every pest for miles around to shred your garden ... and that might well happen at first. But, with time and patience, you’ll end up with a rewarding, healthier garden for ditching the chemicals.
Spraying to deal with pests can often kill the predators too, or at least make them want to avoid your garden. When you stop using chemicals, aphids are the first creatures to return as they have a short breeding cycle. Their predators may take longer to come back, but stick with it and know it will be better in the long run!
In the end you’ll wonder why you ever needed chemicals in the first place.
We can’t turn the clock back to how things used to be so what can we do today?
We can turn our cities, towns, villages and gardens into a buzzing network of insect-friendly habitats. We have about ½ million hectares of gardens in the UK, plus city parks and green spaces, school playing fields, railway embankments and cuttings, road verges and roundabouts; if managed favourably, and if we avoid pesticide use these areas could go a long way towards creating a national ‘Nature Recovery Network’.
250,000 miles of road verges. More could be managed for wildlife by sowing insect friendly seed mixes, mowing later in the year, and removing the cuttings. Green bridges should be a part of transport infrastructure projects.
430,000 hectares of gardens. Wildflowers in gardens have huge potential to help pollinators such as bees. A network of small patches could help bees thrive in urban areas.
52 million people. 80% of the UK’s population live in urban areas. New parks, street trees, green roofs and walls are an important way to help everyone experience nature in daily life.
Our public spaces. Two thirds of amenity land is short mown grass, but meadow habitats support eight times more wildlife. Just allowing more flower species in the grass, and mowing some areas less frequently has been shown to be of huge benefit to insects. Greener and more biodiverse neighbourhoods provide health and wellbeing benefits for people.
Our farmland. 70% of UK land is farmland, so making our farms more wildlife friendly and sustainable is vital.
What pressure is being put upon government to act?
The Wildlife Trusts and our Greener UK partners are campaigning for UK Government to pass new laws that will not only protect but will also help to restore green spaces and wild places.
We want a Nature Recovery Network enshrined in law to:
- protect existing wildlife sites and map out where wildlife ought to be, joining up important places for wildlife, while ensuring more people can live closer to nature
- Set targets for environmental improvement and nature’s recovery;
- Require plans to be produced to integrate national and local regulation, spending, investment and action.