common spotted orchid

Common Spotted Orchid - Cath Shellswell

"Gruffy” or “groovy” ground is the Mendip name for land with numerous mineshafts, and other mining hollows, such as those covering most of the reserve. Lead was mined here in the 16th and 18th centuries and the work of the miners is still apparent today. Wonderful flower rich grassland and also very good for butterflies and other grassland insects.
GB Gruffy is an SSSI.

Location

GB Gruffy,
Longbottom Road
Charterhouse
Somerset

OS Map Reference

ST 476 564
A static map of GB Gruffy

Know before you go

Size
7 hectares

Parking information

There is limited roadside parking here but please do not obstruct the gateway.

Grazing animals

The reserve is managed primarily by grazing with Exmoor ponies or sheep, which keeps the vegetation low to allow flowering plants to flourish.

Walking trails

This reserve is on a gentle slope but the ground is very uneven due to old mining activity. There is a danger of hidden mine shafts in the southern section - to minimise risk keep to paths and avoid depressions. There are numerous sinkholes in the reserve where streams, ancient and modern, have sunk underground.

Access

Access and safety

• The mining activity has left many depressions that may contain mineshafts - some are gridded but others may open up at any time. Please take care and do not enter any mineshafts.

• Access to the caves, for experienced cavers only, is strictly by arrangement with Charterhouse Caving Company.

• The paths and tracks have uneven surfaces in places and can be slippery in areas of exposed rock. Look out for hidden holes dug by badgers.

Contact the Trust for further access information.

Dogs

On a lead
Visit the 'Dog walking on reserves' page in the Contact section for more information.

When to visit

Opening times

Open at all times

Best time to visit

April to July

About the reserve

This Mendip reserve contains important habitats both above and under ground; above you will find neutral to acid species-rich grassland and under a large swallet complex cave system exists.

In spring and summer a rich variety of plants grow in this distinctive landscape, such as Hairy Rock-cress, Alpine Penny-cress and the nationally scarce Dwarf Mouse-Ear. A speciality here is the lead tolerant Spring Sandwort which occurs on the old spoil heaps of mining waste. Wet, neutral grassland is found in the northern field, typified by plants such as Betony, Meadow Thistle, Devil’s-bit Scabious and Common Lousewort.

The Tyning’s Farm stream which flows through the reserve encourages water-loving stream side plants such as Lesser Spearwort, Meadow-Rue and Lesser Water-Plantain. It also provides the humid conditions suitable for many ferns including Narrow Buckler, Hard Shield, and Brittle Bladder-fern. Tussocks of Purple Moor-grass, Tufted Hair-grass and Soft Rush mark the two streams even when you can’t see them as they run underground. In drier areas you can find plants such as Common Spotted Orchid, Adder’s-tongue Fern and Pignut.

This wonderful variety of plants and flowers attracts many butterflies such as Green Hairstreak, Small Copper, Marbled White and Meadow Brown. Also look out for day flying Chimney Sweeper Moths during early Summer. This sooty black moth can be seen in good numbers, normally in close association with its caterpillars food plant Pignut. Redstart, Stonechat and Yellowhammers are regular summer visitors to the reserve and Ravens are often seen as they nest locally. Snipe visit wet ground in the reserve to feed in winter although which such excellent camouflage you’ll be lucky to spot one.

There are two large Badger setts on the reserve making this a great spot to see these shy animals at dusk. Lesser Horseshoe Bats roost in the underground caves. These bats get their name from the distinctive horseshoe-shaped nose and they are one of the world's smallest bats, weighing only five to nine grams.

Reserve conservation management - The reserve is managed primarily by grazing with Exmoor Ponies or sheep, which keeps the vegetation low to allow flowering plants to flourish. Encroaching scrub and bracken is cleared to restore the grassland, although some smaller patches are retained to provide cover for insects and birds.

History and Archaeology - Lead has been mined at GB Gruffy in the past, leaving a  distinctive pitted surface. This disturbed land is known locally as ‘gruffy’ or ‘groovy’ ground. Although beyond the reach of all but bats and very experienced cavers there is a fascinating world beneath your feet at GB Gruffy with two of Mendips most impressive cave systems - GB Cave and Charterhouse Cave. GB Cave is around 1.93km long and 134 metres deep, its main feature being the gorge, a tunnel large enough to take several double decker buses. This descends steeply to Main Chamber, the largest known underground cavity in Mendip. Charterhouse Cave is 4,340 metres long, currently the deepest known cave on Mendip.  The cave was first entered on 19 November 1939, after ten months of digging, by the University of Bristol Spelæological Society, and was named in recognition of the two members, F. J. Goddard and C. C. Barker, who had done most of the work involved in its discovery. The entrance to the cave is kept locked, and access is controlled by the Charterhouse Caving Company; Do not enter without permission.

Contact us

Somerset Wildlife Trust
Contact number: 01823 652400

Environmental designation

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)

GB Gruffy documents