Side on photo of roe deer looking straight at camera

Roe Deer - Brian Phipps

Ruggin has a combination of ancient woodland and species-rich grassland, neutral hay meadow in small fields, divided by hedgerows on the Blackdown Hills.

Location

Ruggin,
Northern slopes of the Blackdown Hills,
Ruggin
Angersleigh
Somerset

OS Map Reference

ST 186 179
A static map of Ruggin

Know before you go

Size
15 hectares

Parking information

Access is on foot from Ruggin starting at ST 181 186 south along the bridleway for about 0.5 miles or there is limited roadside parking at near-by Quants Reserve at ST 189 176 and then on foot along the bridleway to Ruggin.

Grazing animals

Traditionally these meadows have had a late summer hay cut followed by aftermath grazing and the Trust is continuing this management.

Access

Contact the Trust for access information.

Dogs

On a lead
Visit the 'Dog walking on reserves' page in the Contact section for more information.

When to visit

Opening times

Open at all times

Best time to visit

April to July

About the reserve

This site is a mix of grassland and ancient, semi natural woodland with a wide range of wildlife.

The grasslands in the reserve are plant rich and appear to have been managed as hay meadows for some considerable time. There are five individual small meadows. These meadows are good place to get to know some of our commoner grasses. Look out for Crested Dog’s-Tail, Creeping Fescue, Yorkshire Fog and Sweet Vernal Grass amongst many others. Ribwort Plantain, Red Clover and Common Knapweed grow abundantly as does Devil’s-Bit Scabious and Meadow Vetchling. Scattered through the meadows are Sneezewort, Self-heal, Slender St. John’s-wort, Common Spotted Orchid, Yellow Rattle and Cowslips. In the wetter sections of the meadows Soft Rush, Hard Rush, Fleabane and Carnation Sedge are abundant in places. Species-rich hedgerows surround and bisect all these small fields. 

Much of the eastern and southern sections of the reserve are wooded, with one section fenced off and managed as wood pasture. Wood pasture is a lightly wooded area with grass growing beneath the trees and with livestock put in periodically to graze.

Most of the oldest and bigger trees in these woodlands were apparently felled during the Second World War and only a few large Pendunculate Oak and Ash remain. There are some biggish Silver Birch and lots of Hazel as well as Field Maple, Hawthorn, Blackthorn and Holly. Less common shrubs include Spindle, Guelder Rose and Alder Buckthorn. There is at least one large Wild Service Tree to be found in the woodland.

The woodland ground flora is rich and dominated in places by Bluebell and Dog’s Mercury. Wood Anemone, Wood Sorrel and Sweet Woodruff also occur frequently.

Dormice inhabit the woodland and hedgerows and there is Badger activity throughout the reserve Roe deer are frequently seen. The woodland supports a rich bird community with Nuthatch, Treecreeper, Great Spotted Woodpecke, Coal Tit and Marsh Tit all nesting. Pied Flycatchers, Redstarts and Wood Warblers have all been recorded as summer visitors.

The reserve provides good habitat for invertebrates, particularly those woodland insects that require good nectaring sites which they find out in the open flowery meadows. A range of wood edge and meadow butterflies has been recorded on the reserve, including Green Hairstreak, Brown Hairstreak and Silver-Washed Fritillary.

Reserve conservation management – Coppicing has been re-instated in order to benefit the herb layer, encourage the open woodland butterflies such as the silver washed fritillary, and maintain and increase the dormouse population. Blocks of the woodland will be thinned to allow more light to the ground, thereby encouraging the natural regeneration of the herb layer and the next generation of standard trees.

History and Archaeology – The ruined Farm Wood Cottage is not listed, but is regarded as a historic structure by Somerset County Council Historic Environment Service. The remaining buildings consist of an old stone byre with lean-to shelter, stone and brick kennels, pig sties, a wooden shed and a more recent open-fronted barn of corrugated iron sheets. The older buildings are thought to be the remains of structures associated with use by the keeper of the local house and contain a small range of significant local historical features.

The woodland supports a rich and diverse bryophyte and lichen flora with uncommon lichen species including Arthonia vinosa, Catillaria atropurpurea, Enterographa crassa and Lecanictis  premanea.  A  good range of fungi occur both in the woodland and fields, including the uncommon waxcaps, Hygrocybe intermedia  and Hygrocybe punicea.

Geology and Soils - The reserve lies at the foot of the steep north westerly facing slope of a spur of the Blackdown Hills, which are comprised of Keuper Marl – Lower Lias clays and limestones, overlain by Upper Greensand with a cap of Tertiary Clay with Flints. Although on Keuper Marl, the reserve is covered with slope deposits consisting of chert, flint, sandstone, loose sand and marl. This variety of sediments leads to localised changes in the pH of the topsoil, but the site is mostly neutral.

Contact us

Somerset Wildlife Trust
Contact number: 01823 652400

Environmental designation

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)

Ruggin documents