24- September 2018 - Somerset Wildlife Trust is proud to launch a new initiative for Taunton that aims to work together with local businesses, community groups, schools and residents to clean up the town for both people and wildlife, ensuring our green spaces and waterways are attractive and healthy places for everyone to enjoy, and help our urban wildlife to survive and thrive.
26th September - Wessex Water has provided funding to the Somerset Wildlife Trust for their Blackwater and Brown hairstreaks project. As part of their Biodiversity Action Plan since 1998 Wessex Water offer funding to practical conservation and research projects across their region.
Monday 10th, 2018 - Somerset Wildlife Trust is today launching a second round of its Somerset’s Brilliant Coast Appeal to ensure that the county’s first ever coastal survey, which was started in 2016, can be completed by Spring. Funds raised through the first appeal were not enough, so it is now appealing to the public and its supporters to help once more as it endeavors to provide the powerful evidence needed to support better decision making for Somerset’s coast - a hugely undervalued asset in the county that is under increasing threat.
1st August 2018- Somerset Wildlife Trust is pleased to announce that it is able to start a vital piece of its coastal conservation programme following it securing funds from the Community Impact Mitigation Fund, negotiated with EDF Energy as part of a wider mitigation package for the site preparation works at Hinkley Point in West Somerset. The funds will enable the Trust to carry out a three year coastal project focusing on connecting people who live, visit and work on the coast with our stunning coastline – a place that has been little explored, valued or understood to date
17th July 2018 – Melhuish & Saunders Ltd is a family-run construction company, established in 1923 and based in Glastonbury. Their work is mainly based in Somerset, including Bristol, Bath and North East Somerset, as well as Wiltshire, Dorset and East Devon. A large proportion of their work is public-sector funded, for schools, healthcare and even the Somerset Earth Science Centre at Moonshill Quarry, where Somerset Wildlife Trust recently held their Volunteer Day. They are committed to improving their environmental performance and are also interested in developing their community links and supporting environmental protection by working alongside Somerset Wildlife Trust.
17 July 2018 – Somerset Wildlife Trust is very pleased to welcome Branston as a new Corporate Partner. Still privately owned, Branston specialises in supplying potatoes to supermarkets such as Tesco and Waitrose. Beginning as a farmers’ cooperative in the 1960s, Branston has grown into a large and forward-thinking fresh produce company with three sites across the UK, including one right here in Somerset.
12th July 2018 - To raise awareness of how Somerset is uniquely vulnerable to many aspects of climate change, through rising sea levels and storm events. The Somerset Federation of the WI and Somerset Wildlife Trust held a combined event during the Climate Coalition’s ‘Speak Up Week’ (30th June to 8th July 2018), which is designed to bring people together across the UK to express their concerns about the impacts of climate change, and highlight where communities could be at risk if people don’t work together and take action now.
10th July, 2018 - Somerset Wildlife Trust is pleased to have been selected as one of the charities to benefit from the ‘Tesco’s Bags of Help’ initiative, which awards grants raised from the 5p carrier bag charge to fund local community projects. There are grants of £4,000, £2,000 and £1,000 up for grabs, and Somerset Wildlife Trust is asking Tesco shoppers in Langport and surrounding areas to use the store’s token voting scheme to help it secure the maximum amount of £4000 to support its ‘Woodland Wonder at Allen & Beer Wood’ project.
6th July - Some of our best-loved wild flowers including wild strawberry, ragged robin and harebell are declining markedly as a result of the devastation of grasslands including our wildflower meadows - 97% of which have been eradicated since the 1930s, says Plantlife, Europe's largest charity dedicated to wildflowers and other flora.
28th June - Berrow and Brean Beaches were given a deep clean on Thursday [28 June] as volunteers from Southern Co-op were out in force with Somerset Wildlife Trust. The Somerset beach was the second of five to be overhauled as Southern Co-op have planned a series of beach cleans across the south as part of Co-operatives Fortnight.
BEST YEAR FOR BRITAIN’S RAREST BUTTERFLY SINCE 1930s
The once-extinct large blue butterfly, reintroduced to the UK in 1984, flew in its highest numbers for at least 80 years this summer, due to the combined efforts of the Large Blue Project, Somerset Wildlife Trust, Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust and their project partners, belying widely-reported warnings that 2016 could be the worst year on record for British butterflies.
Thanks to meticulous conservation management, south-west England now supports the largest concentration of large blues known in the world. Somerset Wildlife Trust’s Green Down and Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust and Royal Entomological Society’s Daneway Banks saw over 10,000 adult large blues in 2016, which equates to roughly 60% of the UK population according to Professor Jeremy Thomas, chair of the Joint Committee for the Restoration of the Large Blue Butterfly. Together they laid more than a quarter of a million eggs on the abundant thyme and marjoram flowers.
This is no mean feat, for the large blue is the only UK butterfly species that is sufficiently threatened worldwide to be listed in the IUCN’s global Red Data Book, and our only one designated as an ‘Endangered Species’ across Europe. The success of the large blue reintroduction is due to the combined efforts of the Large Blue Project. As well as the Wildlife Trusts in Somerset and Gloucestershire, partners include Natural England, Butterfly Conservation, the University of Oxford and the National Trust.
Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust’s CEO, Roger Mortlock, says: “This is fantastic news for this globally endangered butterfly whose extraordinary life cycle makes its conservation very challenging. Scrub clearance and careful grazing of wildflower-rich grasslands is key to ensuring a future for this beautiful insect. This special management also helps a huge diversity of wild plants and other insects to thrive.”
Professor Jeremy Thomas (Chair of the Royal Entomological Society’s Conservation committee, Emeritus Professor of Ecology at the University of Oxford, and chair of the Joint Committee for the Restoration of the Large Blue Butterfly) said:
"The success of this project is testimony to what large scale collaboration between conservationists, scientists and volunteers can achieve. Its greatest legacy is that it demonstrates that we can reverse the decline of globally-threatened species once we understand the driving factors."
The large blue has a bizarre life-cycle, having fed for three weeks on the flowerbuds of wild thyme or marjoram, the caterpillar produces scents and songs that trick red ants into believing it is one of their own grubs, and is carried underground into the ants nest and placed with the ant brood. The caterpillar spends the next 10 months feeding on the grubs before pupating in the nest the following year and then emerging to crawl above ground as a butterfly.
Despite over 50 years of effort to halt its decline, the large blue butterfly was pronounced extinct in Britain in 1979. Its reintroduction in 1984 was based on the discovery that large blue caterpillars can only survive in the nest of one particular species of red ant, Myrmica sabuleti. Changes in countryside management were responsible for the extinction. Alterations in grazing left grassland too tall and shady for the heat-loving red ant.
Reserves Manager for Somerset Wildlife Trust, Mark Green said: “The amazing numbers of Large Blues recorded this year show what can be achieved through close partnership working and landscape scale conservation land management, underpinned by sound science. Large blue numbers had declined significantly two years ago, due to unfavourable weather conditions. But, thanks to the project partners creating and maintaining a number of well-connected core sites, the butterfly has now bounced back to record numbers. I feel proud to play a part in this highly successful project, which gives me hope that we can reverse the declines of other vulnerable species.”
Today optimum habitat has been restored to more than 50 former sites. The finest of these are Green Down Nature Reserve in Somerset and Daneway Banks Nature Reserve in the Cotswolds, both Wildlife Trust sites. Thanks to good gazing management coupled with favourable weather, their already massive large blue populations increased by 74% and 64% respectively compared with 2015. The National Trust’s Collard Hill site in Somerset also boasted good numbers, and remains the most accessible place to see large blues thanks to its extensive car park and on-site warden.
A spin-off of our managing grasslands to support the large blue is that it has simultaneously improved conditions for a diversity of other wildlife.
At Daneway, scarce orchids including fly, frog and musk have returned after an absence of many years, and the exceedingly rare cut-leaved germander and cut-leaved self-heal are now flourishing. Among insects, the Downland Villa beefly – not recorded in the UK for 50 years prior to 2000 – bred in great abundance along the tracks and scrapings of Daneway in 2014-16.
At Green Down, cut-leaved self-heal also flowered abundantly in 2016, and meadow brown and marbled white butterflies had their highest and 2nd highest recorded numbers respectively in decades of recording, again belying predictions for low butterfly numbers elsewhere.