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Lesser Horseshoe Bat

Lesser Horseshoe Bat

Scientific name: Rhinolophus hipposideros

The Lesser Horseshoe Bat is one of the world's smallest bats, weighing only 5 to 9 grams, with a wingspan of 192 to 254 mm and a body length of 35 to 45 mm. It has strong feet that it uses to grasp rocks and branches, and can see well in spite of its small eyes. Like most bats, Lesser Horseshoe Bats live in colonies and hunt their prey by echolocation, emitting ultrasound from specialized round pads in their mouth.

The base of its fur, which is soft and fluffy, is light grey in colour, with dorsal side fur smoky brown and the ventral side grey, with the exception of juvenile bats which are entirely dark grey. Ears and wing membranes are a light greyish-brown.

When hunting they are quick and agile, often flying within five metres of the ground while avoiding contact with bushes and shrubs. The Lesser Horseshoe Bat eats small insects, most of which are gleaned from stones and branches. Their favorite types of prey include flies, moths, and spiders.
The Lesser Horseshoe Bat lives in warmer regions in foothills and highland, particular wooded areas or areas of limestone. The species are sedentary, with the average movement between summer and winter roosts between 5 and 10 kilometers.

Information and photograph courtesy of